There are Hindu deities who are intersex both male and female ; who manifest in all three genders; who switch from male to female or from female to male; male deities with female moods and female deities with male moods; deities born from two males or from two females; deities born from a single male or single female; deities who avoid the opposite sex; deities with principal companions of the same sex, and so on.
Several Hindu priests have performed same-sex marriages, arguing that love is the result of attachments from previous births and that marriage, as a union of spirit, is transcendental to gender. The most common formulation of Buddhist ethics are the Five Precepts and the Eightfold Path , one should neither be attached to nor crave sensual pleasure. The third of the Five Precepts is "To refrain from committing sexual misconduct. The determination of whether or not same-gender relations is appropriate for a layperson is not considered a religious matter by many Buddhists. Some later traditions gradually began to add new restrictions on sexual misconduct, like non-vagina sex, though its situations seem involving coerced sex.
Buddhism is often characterized as distrustful of sensual enjoyment and sexuality in general. Some texts of the Abhidharma state that a pandaka cannot achieve enlightenment in their own lifetime, but must wait for rebirth and Asanga and Vasubandhu discussed if a pandaka was able to be enlightened or not.
According to one scriptural story, Ananda —Buddha's cousin and disciple—was a pandaka in one of his many previous lives. The third of the Five Precepts of Buddhism states that one is to refrain from sexual misconduct ; this precept has sometimes been interpreted to include homosexuality. The Dalai Lama of Tibetan Buddhism interprets sexual misconduct to include lesbian and gay sex, and indeed any sex other than penis-vagina intercourse, including oral sex, anal sex, and masturbation or other sexual activity with the hand; the only time sex is acceptable is when it performed for its purpose of procreation.
In Thailand , there are some prejudice accounts propose that "homosexuality arises as a karmic consequence of violating Buddhist proscriptions against heterosexual misconduct. These karmic accounts describe homosexuality as a congenital condition which cannot be altered, at least in a homosexual person's current lifetime, and have been linked with calls for compassion and understanding from the non-homosexual populace.
As per BBC article 27 April , Senior monk Phra Maha Wudhijaya Vajiramedh is very concerned by flamboyant behavior of gay and transgender novices such as the wearing of make-up and tight or revealingly tight robes, carrying pink purses and having effeminately-shaped eyebrows. A later popular Japanese legend attributed the introduction of monastic homosexuality to Japan to Shingon founder Kukai , although scholars now dismiss the veracity of this assertion, pointing out his strict adherence to the Vinaya.
Enlightenment being achievable even in a single life. The capacity of Buddhism to reform itself and its great variety of distinct beliefs and schools, provide many liberal streams of Buddhism, which are accepting of all sexual orientations. Reformist Buddhism is predominant in the west and in some eastern cosmopolitan cities. Sikhism has no written view on the matter, but in , a Sikh religious authority described homosexuality as "against the Sikh religion and the Sikh code of conduct and totally against the laws of nature," and called on Sikhs to support laws against gay marriage.
Marriage in Sikhism is seen as a union of souls.
In Sikhism, the soul is seen as genderless, and the outward appearance of human beings man, woman is a temporary state. Same-sex marriage advocates refer to this fact. The Sikh holy book, the Guru Granth Sahib, is the highest authority in the Sikhism, it is seen as the 11th and eternal Guru. It serves as a guide to Sikhs on how to live positive lives, and details what behavior is expected of all Sikhs. It is seemingly silent on the subject of homosexuality; however, married life is encouraged time and again in Guru Granth Sahib Ji. Whenever marriage is mentioned, it is always in reference to a man and a woman.
Some Sikhs believe that Guru Granth Sahib Ji is the complete guide to life, and if a marriage between two of the same sexes is not mentioned, it is therefore not right. The counterargument to this is that man and woman are only mentioned in this way to give light to the relationship of the soul and the soul force as being one. This denies gender and sex as an issue. Thus, Sikhism is more concerned with ones attainment of enlightenment rather than habitual desires such as sexuality.
True love is attained through the Guru and no man speaks on behalf of the Guru as the Granth is open to interpretation and misrepresentation. There are five vices habitual desires outlined in the Guru Granth Sahib that one should try to control. One of these vices is lust, and some Sikhs believe that homosexual thoughts and behaviour are just manifestations of lust.
pasdehendnamit.cf However, Sikhs that are more accepting of homosexuality claim that this is equally applicable to heterosexuals. These same Sikhs believe that Guru Nanak's emphasis on universal equality and brotherhood is fundamentally in support of the human rights of homosexuals. Views on homosexuality tend not to be a primary concern in Sikh teachings, as the universal goal of a Sikh is to have no hate or animosity to any person, regardless of race, caste, color, creed, gender, or sex .
The Guru's silence on homosexuality has led to a history of ambivalence on the topic. The Vendidad , one of the later Zoroastrian texts composed in the Artificial Young Avestan language , has not been dated precisely.
It is thought that some concepts of law, uncleanliness, dualism , and salvation were shared between the religions, and subsequent interactions between the religions are documented by events such as the release of the Jews from the Babylonian captivity by Zoroastrian Cyrus the Great in BC, and the Biblical account of the Magi visiting the infant Jesus.
The Vendidad generally promotes procreation: "the man who has a wife is far above him who lives in continence; he who keeps a house is far above him who has none; he who has children is far above the childless man; he who has riches is far above him who has none. However, those not practicing the Religion of Mazda were pardoned for past actions upon conversion.
However, many Zoroastrians, termed "reformists", eschew the teachings of the Vendidad as corruptions of Zoroaster 's original message,  claiming the rules do not conform with 'Good Words, Good Thoughts and Good Deeds', and therefore have no spiritual significance. Hence, many of these reformist Zoroastrians are openly accepting and supportive of the LGBT community and same-sex marriage. Among the Taoic religions of East Asia , such as Taoism , passionate homosexual expression is usually discouraged because it is believed to not lead to human fulfillment.
Confucianism, being primarily a social and political philosophy, focused little on sexuality; whether homosexual or heterosexual. However, the ideology did emphasize male friendships, and Louis Crompton has argued that the "closeness of the master-disciple bond it fostered may have subtly facilitated homosexuality". There is no single official position on homosexuality in Taoism, as the term Taoism is used to describe a number of disparate religious traditions.
In a similar way to Buddhism, Taoist schools sought throughout history to define what would be sexual misconduct. The precept against Sexual Misconduct is sex outside your marriage. Homosexuality is not unknown in Taoist history, such as during the Tang dynasty when Taoist nuns exchanged love poems. The Wiccan Charge of the Goddess , one of the most famous texts in Neopaganism , states in the words of the Goddess, "all acts of love and pleasure are my rituals".
Most groups still insist, however, that initiations be conferred from man to woman or woman to man. Any ritual sexual acts, whether actual or symbolic, take place between two consenting adults, normally a couple who are already lovers. Satanism, in both the theistic and the LaVey tradition, is open to all forms of sexual expression, and does not preclude homosexuality. The first ordained minister of a major religious sect in the U. Unitarian Universalism was the first denomination to accept openly transgender people as full members with eligibility to become clergy; in the first openly transgender person was ordained by the Unitarian Universalist Association.
The Unitarian Universalist Association supports the freedom to marry  and compares resistance to it to the resistance to abolition of slavery , women's suffrage , and the end of anti- miscegenation laws.
UU ministers perform same-sex unions and now same-sex marriages where legal and sometimes when not, as a form of civil protest. On 29 June , the Unitarian Universalists became the first major church "to approve religious blessings on homosexual unions. Gay men and lesbians are also regularly ordained as ministers, and a number of gay and lesbian ministers have, themselves, now become legally married to their partners.
Humanism is a non-religious, non-theistic approach to life that supports full equality for LGBTQ individuals,   including the right to marry. In they gave Stephen Fry an award "for his services to humanism and gay rights. Unification Church founder Sun Myung Moon opposed homosexuality and compared gay people to "dirty dung-eating dogs".
The Radical Faeries are a worldwide queer spiritual movement, founded in in the United States. Opposition to same-sex marriage and LGBT rights is often associated with conservative religious views. The American Family Association and other religious groups have promoted boycotts of corporations whose policies support the LGBT community.
In conservative Islamic nations, laws generally prohibit same-sex sexual behaviour, and interpretation of Sharia Law on male homosexuality carries the death penalty. This has been condemned as a violation of human rights by human rights organisation Amnesty International and by the writers of the Yogyakarta principles. An opposing statement put forward by Muslim nations was signed by 57 member states, mostly in Africa and Asia.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Attitudes of religions to homosexuality.
Main article: Homosexuality and Judaism. Main article: Christianity and homosexuality. Main article: Homosexuality and Roman Catholicism. Main article: Homosexuality and Mormonism. Main article: Homosexuality and Islam.
Death penalty for homosexuality. Death penalty on books but not applied. Main article: Buddhism and sexual orientation. Main article: Homosexuality and Sikhism. Main article: Homosexuality and Taoism. Main article: LGBT themes in mythology. This section does not cite any sources.
Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Religion portal LGBT portal. Religiosity and attitudes toward lesbians and gay men: A meta-analysis. The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 19, Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 52, Opposing abortion, gay adoption, euthanasia, and suicide: Compassionate openness or self-centered moral rigorism? Archive for the Psychology of Religion, 37, University of California Press.
Thus, only the forbidden homosexuality is available to be discussed, lambasted, and trumpeted as the ultimate evil. Pence is not amused, and struck back at Buttigieg yesterday, accusing him of being intolerant of her intolerance. In only nineteen percent of Russians thought homosexuality should be a punishable crime, but by June , some 42 percent believed that. In this debate, as Boyd Boyd, Lydia. To me, it's not just about sex, it's not about love, it's not even about marriage. I, Robot. Kyomo and Sahaya G.
American Association of Christian Counselors. Archived from the original PDF on 13 February Retrieved 1 May University Of Chicago Press. New York: Mitchell Kennerley. Gordon Melton, Martin Baumann, p. Siker, p.